Voices in different types of sentences

 

1  ASSERTIVE OR DECLARATIVE SENTENCES

As we studied in the topic Types of Sentences ,  the sentences denoting  ‘a statement of fact’  or  ‘declaration’  is known as  Assertive sentences or Declarative sentences,  and  also the  pattern of this type of sentences is ‘S + V + O’.

When we are going to study  the ‘Voices’ of   this type of sentences,  we must study on the basis of tenses, as the verb forms of this type of sentences always depend on tenses.

So first of all,  let’s study the  Active Voice and Passive Voice  forms of  Present tense  and its  ‘4’ forms.continue reading



 

 

II  INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES

Sentences denoting  ‘interrogations’ or  ‘questions’   are known as  ‘Interrogative sentences’.

They are two in types and have their own separate patterns, as shown below

I Type :    Question word beginning interrogative sentences

Pattern:  Question word ( Q.W) + Auxiliary ( Aux) + S +  V + O,    that is,

                Q.W + Aux + S + V + O

                Eg: Why do we study grammar ?

II Type :  Auxiliary beginning interrogative sentences or  ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ questions.

Pattern :  Aux + S + V + O ?

                Eg: Do you understand grammar?

As this type of sentence also depends on tenses, like assertive sentences, the Voices of this type of sentence  too should be studied on the basis of the  ‘4’  forms of tenses.

Let’s  study the voices of interrogative sentences in Present tensecontinue reading



 

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III   IMPERATIVE SENTENCES

Sentences showing   ‘request’,  ‘advice’,  ‘wish’,  ‘warning’,  ‘suggestion’, ‘order’, ‘command’,  etc are said to be Imperative sentences.

The general pattern of an imperative sentence is,    ‘V + O’.

eg :  Speak English well. ( advice )

        Please help me        ( request)

        May God bless you  ( wish )

        Go slow                 ( warning)

        Let’s take rest        ( suggestion)

        Reach  on time      ( order)

        Fall in and fire       ( command)

It is to be kept in mind always that all imperative sentences have only a common subject, that is the second person subject  ‘You’, and  so the subject ‘You’ is not mentioned in an ‘imperative sentence’,  but it is understood.

While studying their  voices and patterns,  they have to be divided into   ‘positive meaning imperative sentences’ and  ‘negative meaning imperative sentences‘.continue reading



 IV  COMPLEX SENTENCES

As we studied in the topic Types of Sentences ,  sentences can be divided on the basis of  its nature and  its construction.  On the basis of construction,  they can be divided into three as,  Simple sentence, compound sentence  and complex sentence.

While studying voices, we have to study the active  and passive voices of  complex sentence in detail.continue reading

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