1 ASSERTIVE OR DECLARATIVE SENTENCES
As we studied in the topic Types of Sentences , the sentences denoting ‘a statement of fact’ or ‘declaration’ is known as Assertive sentences or Declarative sentences, and also the pattern of this type of sentences is ‘S + V + O’.
When we are going to study the ‘Voices’ of this type of sentences, we must study on the basis of tenses, as the verb forms of this type of sentences always depend on tenses.
So first of all, let’s study the Active Voice and Passive Voice forms of Present tense and its ‘4’ forms.continue reading
II INTERROGATIVE SENTENCES
Sentences denoting ‘interrogations’ or ‘questions’ are known as ‘Interrogative sentences’.
They are two in types and have their own separate patterns, as shown below
I Type : Question word beginning interrogative sentences
Pattern: Question word ( Q.W) + Auxiliary ( Aux) + S + V + O, that is,
Q.W + Aux + S + V + O
Eg: Why do we study grammar ?
II Type : Auxiliary beginning interrogative sentences or ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ questions.
Pattern : Aux + S + V + O ?
Eg: Do you understand grammar?
As this type of sentence also depends on tenses, like assertive sentences, the Voices of this type of sentence too should be studied on the basis of the ‘4’ forms of tenses.
Let’s study the voices of interrogative sentences in Present tense. continue reading
III IMPERATIVE SENTENCES
Sentences showing ‘request’, ‘advice’, ‘wish’, ‘warning’, ‘suggestion’, ‘order’, ‘command’, etc are said to be Imperative sentences.
The general pattern of an imperative sentence is, ‘V + O’.
eg : Speak English well. ( advice )
Please help me ( request)
May God bless you ( wish )
Go slow ( warning)
Let’s take rest ( suggestion)
Reach on time ( order)
Fall in and fire ( command)
It is to be kept in mind always that all imperative sentences have only a common subject, that is the second person subject ‘You’, and so the subject ‘You’ is not mentioned in an ‘imperative sentence’, but it is understood.
While studying their voices and patterns, they have to be divided into ‘positive meaning imperative sentences’ and ‘negative meaning imperative sentences‘.continue reading
IV COMPLEX SENTENCES
As we studied in the topic Types of Sentences , sentences can be divided on the basis of its nature and its construction. On the basis of construction, they can be divided into three as, Simple sentence, compound sentence and complex sentence.
While studying voices, we have to study the active and passive voices of complex sentence in detail.continue reading