Voices of assertive sentences in past tense

PAST TENSE

1 simple past tense

The pattern of Active Voice

S + did + V + O

Eg: They explained everything

The pattern of Passive Voice

O + was/were + V3 + by + S

Eg: Everything was explained by them

 

2  Past continuous tense

The pattern of Active Voice

S + was/were + V+ing + O

Eg: The students were doing their homework

The pattern of Passive Voice

O + was/were + being + V3 + by + S

Eg: Their homework was being done by the students

 

3  Past perfect tense

The pattern of Active Voice

S + had + V3 + O

Eg: James had sung a song

The pattern of Passive Voice

O + had + been + V3 + by + S

Eg: A song had been sung by James.

 

4  Past perfect continuous tense

As there is no ‘passive voice’  for perfect continuous tenses,  the passive voice of  ‘the perfect tenses’  is used for them, as mentioned in the end of the topic  Voices of Assertive sentences in Present tense.

So here, the  ‘passive voice’  of past perfect continuous tense,  ‘S + had + been + V+ing + O’,  will be ‘the passive voice of past perfect tense’ as,   ‘O + had + been+ V3 + by + S’

Eg: Mary had been writing the letter ( A.V )

      The letter had been written by Mary ( P.V)

Now  go to the  Practical Study  in this topic.

 

Then,  let’s go to the topic,  ‘Voices of Assertive sentences in Future tense’.continue reading

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