Voices in Complex sentences

COMPLEX SENTENCES

Sentences having  ‘one  Main Clause’ ( M.C )  and   ‘one  or more  Sub-ordinate  Clauses’ ( S.C.) are known as Complex Sentences.

eg. (M.C) I had reached the station,  before the train arrived.( S.C)

When we come into the topic  ‘voices in complex sentences’,  we should understand that the voices of complex sentences can easily be changed,   if they have  objects  both in Main clause  and  in  sub-ordinate clause  ,  as shown below

eg: Though he had studied ‘everything’ well,  he forgot ‘it’  at the exam hall. ( Active Voice )

From the given complex sentence, we can understand that both the subordinate clause ( Though he………………well) and the Main clause ( he forgot it at the exam  hall )  have their own  objects  as  ‘everything’ and  ‘it’  respectively.

So,  we can change the complex sentence into passive voice on the basis of its tenses, as

Though everything had been studied well by him,  it was forgotten at the exam hall by him.

But, sometimes  the main clause lacks the object,  as shown in the sentence below,

The  Captain of the team said that  his  team would bring back the world cup.

Here, in the complex sentence we can see that the Main clause  ‘The captain of the team said’  lacks the object.

In such cases,  the sub ordinate clause of the sentence,  ( here,  that his team would bring back the world cup ) should be assumed as the object and  named it   as  ‘it’.,  and then  keep the sentence in mind, as 

The captain of the team said it.    

Here ‘it’ is used as object  instead of  the sub ordinate clause.

Now we  get a simple sentence  with object  ‘it’.  

Then,  its voice can be changed  on the basis of its tense.

Here we can change its voice into passive voice as,  

It was said by the captain of the team.

We know that this answer is incomplete.

So, to complete it,  add the sub ordinate clause to  the end of  the sentence,  as  

It was said by the captain of the team that his  team would bring back the world cup.

Another example,,

My wife said that she would call me back. ( A.V )

It was said by my wife that she would call me back. ( P.V )

Exercise

Now, let’s go to  the topic   Puzzles in voices

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