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Reported speech in exclamatory sentences

In exclamatory sentences As we know,  exclamatory sentences are used to denote strong feelings,  and also they have two different patterns, such as, 1  What +   (a + adjective + noun/ pronoun)  + V + S  + O ! (exclamation mark) eg: What a lovely man is your husband ! Before reporting,  change the […]


Reported speech in interrogative sentences

Reported speech in interrogative sentences Interrogative sentences are in two types, that is, 1 Question word beginning interrogative sentences Pattern– QW. + Aux + S + V + O ? Eg: When did he give you the book ? 2 Auxiliary beginning interrogative sentences or  ‘Yes’  or ‘No’ questions Pattern – Aux + S + […]

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Reported speech – exceptional rules in imperative sentences

Exceptional rules. Rule 1  When the direct speech expresses a  ‘wish’,  it is to be reported differently from a normal imperative sentence, as explained below; Let’s look the following sentences expressing wishes, May God bless you May the new year materialize your dreams May the coming spring bring you wonderful days Here we can see […]


Reported speech in imperative sentences

Reported speech in imperative sentence. As we know,  imperative sentence is used to denote a ‘wish’, ‘warning’, ‘advice’, ‘order’, ‘command’, ‘suggestion’, ‘request’, etc. Before reporting an imperative sentence,    the reporting verb in the question is to be changed, according to  the sense that the sentence expresses  and also in accordance with the tense form […]


Reported speech in assertive sentences

Reported speech in assertive sentences Here we discuss how to report  a direct speech in assertive sentence. A direct speech in assertive sentence is reported in  ‘two ways’  on the basis of  the absence and presence of reporting objects. I   If there is no reporting object,    (say/says that)  or  (said that) or  (will/shall say that)   is […]

Change of Words in Reported speech

Certain words denoting, adverbs, conjunctions, demonstrative pronouns etc … in direct speech will be changed, while being reported, as follows. Direct Speech                                            Indirect or reported speech Now                                                             then Next                                                             the coming/ the following Today                                           […]

Reported speech ( rules for changing persons)

Rules for changing persons in Reported speech. We have studied that the ‘first person pronouns’ of ‘direct speech’ will be changed into  ‘third person pronouns’ ,     and   ‘second person pronouns’  will be changed into  either ‘first person’ or  ‘third person’  in reported speech. But these changes are occurred  ‘depending on  the reporting object’, […]

Reported speech (Changes in second person)

‘Second person’ in direct speech is changed into  either  ‘first person’  or  ‘third person’  in  reported speech, as shown below. Direct speech         ————->              Reported speech Second person  ——————>  First person      or   Third person You (Sub)                 […]

Reported speech( changes in first person pronouns)

In this topic, we are going to discuss the  changes in first person pronouns and also in their  ‘possessive adjectives’,  ‘possessive pronouns’  and  ’emphatic’ or ‘reflexive pronouns’.   Here, we don’t have to concern about the tense form of the reporting verbs. I.  ‘First person’ pronouns in ‘direct speech’  is  changed into   ‘third person’ pronouns in ‘reported speech’, as follows, […]

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